In fact, digitalisation is either the transfer of existing systems into the digital sphere, or the creation of new principles and systems with the subsequent transfer to a digital form. Before the direct action, one needs to think over every element of the system, for example, the data standard, transfer and storage. In the governmental sphere, before any action is done, it is important to develop regulatory mechanisms, such as laws, regulations, decrees, as well as a detailed system of responsibilities.
Similar to the situation when with the Big Data boom the old science of statistics was somehow forgotten, during digitalisation such professions as a record keeper and a librarian are rarely mentioned, but they were responsible for storing and processing information on a national and international scale in the pre-computer era. The fact that the work of a programmer comes to the foreground during the digitalisation of governmental processes does not cancel the basic principles of archives, databases, statistics, legal systems and the rule of law, principles of non-discrimination and equality of citizens.
The lack of attention towards regulation in the pursuit of efficiency and innovation has led to the situation when society suddenly discovered practical threats and violation of citizens' rights in the ill-considered or deliberately malicious usage of technology.